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Re: [BKARTS] Printed Qur'ans



A book in print covering this topic in its final chapter is "Paper
Before Print: The History and Impact of Paper in the Islamic World",
Jonathan M. Bloom, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2001
ISBN0-300-08955-4.  

Doug Sanders
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Jake Benson [mailto:handbindery@xxxxxxxxxxxxx]
> Sent: Wednesday, June 16, 2004 2:02 PM
> To: BOOK_ARTS-L@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> Subject: Printed Qur'ans
> 
> Thanks you Arjan for your wonderful overview of Qur'an printing in
the=20=
> 
> West.
> 
>  =46rom what I have understood, what many Muslims found objectionable
=
> was=20
> the way the moveable type rendered Arabic script, in addition to
the=20
> fact that the printer would not have been a non-Muslim who failed
to=20
> maintain the required ritual purity during production.  To the
Arabic=20
> script reader, the appearance of the "Arabic" moveable type was
ugly=20
> and illegible, and objectionable breaks between each letter were=20
> readily discerned, further obscuring the text.
> 
> However by the reign of Sultan Ahmet III, came a craze for all
things=20
> Western, and the first Printing press was established in Istanbul
by=20
> Ibrahim M=FCteferrika.  Perhaps moveable type was refined enough at
that=20=
> 
> point to mull any objections.  Along with Western printing methods
it=20
> seems that Western binding methods also came into vogue- or rather=20
> helped to meet an ever-burgeoning demand.  This is most noticeable
in=20
> some forwarding procedures: sewing on supports using a sewing
frame,=20
> rounding and backing, western style headbanding, edge gilding in
the=20
> European manner, and even edge marbling (which was not a part of=20
> traditional Islamic ebru/abri production) became pervasive in much
of=20
> the Muslim world at that time.  the Bulaq press in Cairo (which
used=20
> moveable type) bound volumes using some traditional Islamic
techniques=20=
> 
> for their bindings, but quickly gave way to more European
production=20
> methods.
> 
> To learn more about Ibrahim M=FCteferrika, please visit the Library
of=20=
> 
> Congress Near East Collections page:
> 
> http://www.loc.gov/rr/amed/guide/nes-turkey.html
> 
> However when Sultan Ahmet III was deposed printing seems to have
hit=20
> another lull, though it began to flourish in other parts of the
Muslim=20=
> 
> world.  That changed with the introduction of Lithography,
especially=20
> to Ottoman Turkey in the early 19th century.  Calligraphers
instantly=20
> favored this method as it rendered the calligraphy exactly as it
was=20
> written.  Hence many beautiful lithographed editions were produced
by=20
> Muslims at that time, some based on earlier manuscripts by the most=20
> famous calligraphers.  These early lithographic editions are
extremely=20=
> 
> valuable today.  Since they were of high quality, and produced by=20
> Muslims, there was no objection to their production, unlike
European=20
> editions.
> 
> Jake Benson
> 
> 
> Benson's Hand Bindery
> 1027 Brookwood Circle
> West Columbia, SC  29169
> (803) 926-5544=
> 
>              ***********************************************
>                                    =20
>                        Spring[binding]Hath Sprung
>          Worldwide Springback Bind-O-Rama and Online Exhibition
>             Full information at <http://www.philobiblon.com>
>                    ENTRY DEADLINE -- September 1, 2004
>                                    =20
>       Book_Arts-L FAQ and Archive at: <http://www.philobiblon.com>
>              ***********************************************

             ***********************************************
                                    
                       Spring[binding]Hath Sprung
         Worldwide Springback Bind-O-Rama and Online Exhibition
            Full information at <http://www.philobiblon.com>
                   ENTRY DEADLINE -- September 1, 2004
                                    
      Book_Arts-L FAQ and Archive at: <http://www.philobiblon.com>
             ***********************************************



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