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[BKARTS] Dealer, museum battle over book of drawings
Posted on Thu, Jan. 27, 2005
Dealer, museum battle over book of drawings
By DIANE TOROIAN KEAGGY
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
ST. LOUIS - Any of the usual suspects in the book world could have purchased
the book, but only Rod Shene recognized the rare quality in the slender
volume of old German drawings. He put down $3,900 for the work and hoped one
day he would be rewarded for his judgment.
Just another day on the job for the 46-year-old Shene, who buys and sells
rare books out of St. Louis apartment for a living. Though $3,900 certainly
represented a sizable investment, serious dealers such as Shene typically
spend up to $15,000 for a collection.
But there is nothing typical about this book. In the past four years, it has
thrust him into a heated dispute with the German government, threatened to
damage his reputation and robbed him of his time when he needed it most. Yet
the book is the find of his career.
First, the good news: Shene was right about the book's quality. Last year,
leading auction house Sotheby's valued the book of drawings at $600,000.
Anyone who has purchased a work of art, trolled an estate sale or bought a
lottery ticket dreams about that sort of payday, and Shene is no different.
But Shene's good fortune came with some bad news. Shene also learned the
book may have been stolen from an unlikely victim - the German government.
The state-owned Staatsgalerie in Stuttgart claims a World War II Army
captain took the book and others from a castle and eventually deposited them
in his Richmond Heights, Mo., home.
The museum and German state of Baden-Wurttemberg are now waging a two-front
war on Shene. First, they have retained attorney Thomas Kline, a celebrity
among Nazi-era art lawyers, to win back the book and learn the fate of any
others still in St. Louis. They also have the support of a leading German
diplomat who has warned Shene that the weight of the German government will
be brought to bear on him if he does not cooperate. The German Consulate in
New York contacted the U.S. Attorney's Office about the matter. It, in turn,
contacted the Department of Homeland Security to see whether Shene illegally
moved stolen merchandise across state lines. Shene says he has not broken
any laws, but the queries still have unnerved the soft-spoken and private
Now a federal court must decide whether Shene can cash in on his find or
must hand over his fortune.
Even among German-art enthusiasts, Heinrich Vogtherr is an obscure name. A
16th-century woodcutter and painter, Vogtherr created maps and religious
art. Sotheby's believes Shene's find is a collection of original drawings by
Vogtherr of nobles from Augsburg.
"The volume of prints and drawings with illustrations for the `Augsburger
Geschlechterbuch (Augsburg Book of Nobles)' is a fascinating record of an
artist's working methods in the mid-16th century," according to Dr. Nancy
Bialler, Sotheby's specialist in Old Master drawings.
"In addition to 53 iron etchings for the `Augsburger Geschlechterbuch,' all
in early states and many unfinished proofs, there are also 43 original
16th-century drawings. Although there is not universal agreement on who
actually made the drawings, they are clearly associated with Heinrich
Vogtherr the Elder and Hans Burgkmair the Younger, who trained in the
workshop of Hans Burgkmair the Elder, the most prominent artist in Augsburg
at that period," Bialler said.
Werner Schmidt, a spokesman for the German Consulate, does not know when the
museum acquired the book but says it was well before the Nazis looted the
private collections of Jewish citizens.
Flash-forward 400 years to 1941, when the Staatsgalerie hid its collections
from the Allies in a castle in Waldenburg. The books remained in storage
until the final months of World War II, when the 63rd Infantry Division
attacked the city. John Hewitt Doty was a German interpreter for the unit
and saved some of the books from a fire.
At least that's one possible scenario, supported by Doty's family members.
Another possibility is that Doty was a souvenir hunter who, instead of
swiping a weapon or Nazi flag like many GIs, grabbed a priceless artifact.
Doty, educated at Amherst College and the University of California,
Berkeley, certainly possessed the sophistication to appreciate such a work
of art. Kline does not know which version is correct, nor does it matter in
his case against Shene. Either way, he argues the Staatsgalerie never
willfully turned over the item.
"There was extensive looting at these storage points across Germany," said
Kline. "We know what these people suffered, and if someone wanted to take
home a souvenir from these days, it's not for us to judge them. But the fact
is, it was not within the authority of a soldier or a civilian to seize
Doty never knew the books' value nor did he try to sell them, according to
nephew Clarence Brown of Medford, Ore. Rather, they shared a book case with
many early editions of Colonial works, Charles Dickens novels and art
catalogs. Doty, who owned a furnishings firm, died in 1993 of an aneurysm at
the age of 75.
"He had eclectic tastes and a special appreciation for German culture and
European culture," said Brown. "But he never really talked about the books."
Brown and another one of Doty's nephews were charged with clearing out
Doty's Richmond Heights home in 1999, when Doty's wife, Dorothy, moved to a
nursing facility. They boxed up a number of books, including some German
texts, and took them to book dealer Sheldon Margulis, who bought a dozen or
so texts for $900.
Later in 2001, he invited some 25 dealers and bibliophiles to his apartment
for one of his irregular auctions. In the kitchen, dealers helped themselves
to trays of food and drink while in the bedroom they perused stacks and
stacks of books. Margulis knew "the boys" - dealers Shene, Michael
Hirschfeld and Eugene Hughes - would be intrigued by four of the German
Unlike some dealers who essentially work as literary day traders - buying
books on the cheap one day in the hopes of turning a profit the next - these
dealers function more like academics, traveling to libraries across the
country to learn more about a book's history and significance. Indeed, Shene
was pursuing his Ph.D. in English at Washington University when he decided
that the world of rare books would satisfy both his passion for literature
and wish to make a decent living.
Hirschfeld bought one of the texts, Hughes bought another, but only Shene
expressed serious interest in the book of nobles.
"Part of it was gut instinct," Shene said. "I thought the drawings were
authentic and by the hand of a talented artist."
In addition to the fine drawings, Shene also noticed a German stamp. Could
this book have been stolen from a German museum? He did some preliminary
research and found some evidence that this book may have sold before the
war. Curators at art museums may spend two months researching a work's
provenance before a purchase, but Shene could not even establish the book's
primary artist before the auction.
After he purchased the book, he checked the Web sites that track Nazi-era
art to see if it was listed as stolen. It was not. Seven months later he
contacted a curator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, who coincidentally
had an upcoming meeting with the Staatsgalerie administrator. In a 2002
letter to the Met curator, the Staatsgalerie official confirmed the book
once belonged to the museum and wrote, "As I told you, according to German
law we have no possibility to claim such a war loss, but only can ask a
dealer to offer it `at a reasonable price' to us."
The letter put Shene's mind at rest. That and the fate of Hirschfeld's buy,
which was also stamped. Hirschfeld posted his book on eBay and was contacted
by the museum's curator, who offered to pay full market value for the text.
Hirschfeld, however, had already sold the text for $6,000 to a German buyer,
who then turned it over to the museum.
Confident that he owned the book free and clear, Shene had to decide what to
do next with his find. But first he had to deal with more pressing
issues_Shene had just been diagnosed with cancer, and his mother, who lived
in Michigan, was terminally ill. Shene did not contact the Staatsgalerie or
Sotheby's until he could complete his treatments.
Two years later, in the spring of 2004, a healthy Shene delivered the book
to Sotheby's. He showed Sotheby's the stamp and its experts asked Shene for
permission to contact the Staatsgalerie. Shene's response: "Be my guest."
"And that's when the trouble starts," Schmidt said.
Tales like Shene's are growing more and more common as the nation's World
War II veterans age and die. A relative finds a decorative box or small
painting in the basement only to learn the artifact belongs to a German
museum. Schmidt has no idea how many German artifacts were taken during
World War II but estimates 1 million pieces of art and 4.6 million books
exist in Russia alone.
Typically, when such an item surfaces, the German institution will offer a
finder's fee of 10 or 15 percent of the item's value, and everyone parts
ways satisfied. Rarely do such cases involve the courts or generate much
acrimony. The difference here lies in the enormous chasm between how much
Shene and Sotheby's say the book is worth - $600,000 - and how much the
museum says it's worth, which Schmidt suggests is $30,000-$40,000. Shene
said he was trying to negotiate a fair price with the museum when it pulled
the plug on the negotiations and insisted on the book's outright return.
"They were clear that they wanted to buy it back, but once they found out
how valuable it was, they decided, `Now we're going to say it's stolen,'"
said Shene's New York attorney John Cahill, also an expert in art law. "They
want it cheap."
Cahill argues that if the Staatsgalerie is the true owner, it should have
taken steps to retrieve its lost assets.
"In 2001 they find the biggest clue in the world (in the appearance of the
Hirschfeld book) that some of these books might exist. Do they ask where did
you get it? Are there others? No, they do nothing," Cahill said. "If they
had any real interest or claim to the book, that's would they would have
done. At some point, these claims can't be brought anymore and people who
purchase work innocently should be protected."
It wasn't long after negotiations stalled that Shene got a call from the
German Consulate. Shene, who was shuttling between here and Michigan to care
for his mother, first was unnerved and then turned angry.
"It makes me mad that this issue took as much attention as it did during the
last few months of my mother's life," said Shene. "I feel they acted
irresponsibly and reprehensibly."
Kline cannot say why the Staatsgalerie did not do more to discover the fate
of the missing books. But that does not erase the fact that the
Staatsgalerie never relinquished ownership of the book. That is, in his
mind, the core fact of the case. Any other arguments, he says, are just
"What matters is that there is no record this book was ever deaccessed. We
don't have to prove that it was stolen, only that the museum never gave it
away," Kline said.
Sotheby's does not know whom to believe. That's why it has the book under
lock and key until a court decides, a process that could take two years.
But, in a sense, even a victory will come too late for Shene, who lost his
mother in August.
"My mother never really understood what I did for a living," said Shene. "I
wish she could have seen this as an accomplishment before she died instead
of worrying about it."
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