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[BKARTS] Workshop Announcement - The Use of Pigments in Manuscripts and their Conservation April 10-13, 2006, Etherington Conservation Services, Greensboro, NC.
The Use of Pigments in Manuscripts and their Conservation
April 10-13, 2006
At Etherington Conservation Services
7609 Business Park Drive
Greensboro, NC 27409
Registration fee: $ 300 for AIC members: $ 350 for non-members
Enrollment limit: 12 participants
Registration deadline: March 10, 2006
Participants are responsible for their own travel, housing and meals.
No previous experience is necessary. Selection of participants will be
based on the order of receipt of registration. Early registration is advised.
About the Workshop
In a combination of lecture and hands-on sessions, this four-day course
will address the history, geography, chemistry and the actual techniques of
color manufacture, with special reference to manuscript painting.
Using original recipes, each participant will make and paint out the colors.
Participants will become acquainted with identifying media that will
compliment their knowledge and training.
Knowing the possible ingredients of medieval recipes helps to understand
why inherent deterioration may have occurred.
Participants will learn about the conservation of pigments and inks, about
aqueous and solvent treatments and the preparation involved.
Morning: A study of the inorganic colors on the artist's palette. Earths,
minerals, rocks and stones. The history of their use in art, their
significance and their chemical properties.
Afternoon: We will make and paint out these pigments.
Morning: A study of the organic colors - those plants and animals used to
make "lake" pigments. Their history and properties and their special
challenges to the conservator.
Afternoon: We will continue to make and paint out the inorganic colors.
Morning: A study of the color blue, both organic and inorganic forms.
Afternoon: We will make and paint out the yellow, green and blue organic
Morning: The issues involved and the techniques of conservation and
consolidation of pigments on parchment. The ethics of sampling and how to
We will also look at the most commonly used analytical tools and examine
how to decide which method(s) is appropriate.
Afternoon: Make and paint out the organic reds - plant and animal. Practice
how to take and mount samples and how to consolidate flaking and powdering
paint on parchment.
Cheryl Porter was trained in conservation of books and archives at
Camberwell College of Arts and Crafts, London, England. After graduating,
she worked with the Paintings Analysis Unit at University College London.
There she began her research fellowship with a Leverhulme-funded project
using Laser Raman Spectroscopy to analyze pigments in manuscripts. For the
last fifteen years she has worked, until recently in conjunction with Dr.
Nicholas Hadgraft, as a freelance conservator. She has published many
articles on pigments and manuscripts and has taught and lectured in the
United States, Australia, England, and throughout Europe.
Since 1988, in conjunction with Nicolas Barker and the local priests, she
has organized and coordinated the restoration of the Cardinal Barbarigo
Seminary Library in Montefiascone. Montefiascone is a medieval walled city
about ninety miles north of Rome. Each summer conservators, librarians, art
historians, archivist and others interested in the structure and history of
the book, meet to participate in classes. There Cheryl Porter has taught,
"Re-creating the Medieval Palette." Through illustrated lectures,
participants examine the history of color in medieval times. The course
addresses the history, geography, chemistry, iconographic importance and
the actual techniques of color manufacture, with special reference to
manuscript painting. Using original recipes, each participant makes and
paints out the colors. Cheryl Porter has taught this course at the Harry
Ransom Center (1999), the National Park Service (2000), the Guild of
BookWorkers, New York Chapter (2002), and the Library of Congress (2003).
Her commitment to learning and developing applications for more
straightforward and non-destructive tests for pigment identification
continues today. She is currently training for three months in the Forensic
Science Department at Cambridge University, learning how to operate and to
interpret data derived from the operation of the Raman, FTIR and the
SEM-EDX analytical equipment.
This workshop is made possible by a FAIC Workshop Development Grant.
Without this founding, the registration fee for this workshop would be $520.
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